Hannah Johnson is Associate Professor of English and affiliated faculty with the Program in Medieval and Renaissance Studies and Jewish Studies. She works primarily on the history of antisemitism, forms of exclusionary rhetoric, intellectual history, Jewish-Christian relations, religious literature, and the history of gender. Her most recent book, completed with the support of a fellowship from the American Council of Learn Societies and co-authored with Heather Blurton, is The Critics and the Prioress: Antisemitism, Criticism and Chaucer’s Prioress’s Tale (Michigan, 2017). This work re-examines the critical history of Chaucer’s most controversial Canterbury tale, highlighting how scholarship on The Prioress’s Tale has been fundamentally shaped by various impasses resulting from critics’ struggles with the poem’s repetition of a damaging antisemitic legend. Surveying both the history of criticism and the state of the field, The Critics and the Prioress attempts to chart productive new avenues for research using the tools of intellectual history, a new vision of source studies, and the resources of aesthetics, gender studies, and the history of the book.
Her earlier monograph, Blood Libel: The Ritual Murder Accusation at the Limit of Jewish History (Michigan, 2012), examines the underlying ethical commitments that have historically structured academic investigations of a libelous historical myth, originating in the Middle Ages, that Jewish communities murder Christian children. Examining one of the earliest examples of such a legend, the twelfth-century account of the death of William of Norwich, Johnson highlights how juridical questions of guilt and innocence, crime and libel, have structured the conversation surrounding this legend from the beginning and have had profound effects on the generations of scholars who have taken up these controversial myths.
Johnson was awarded a distinguished short-term fellowship from the Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies for work on her new project, an academic trade book titled Deadly Words: Witches, Jews, and Muslims in the First Era of Fake News. Following her work in Arizona, Johnson will partner with Simone Marshall, a specialist in the history of gender at the University of Otago, to write this accessible introduction to the historical use of damaging rhetoric to isolate and persecute specific outgroups during the medieval and early modern periods of European history. Working within a venerable tradition of public scholarship, the work will present a synthetic account of recent historical, social-psychological, and narratological insights from the study of the disparate threads of anti-Jewish and anti-Muslim rhetorics and the misogynist history of the early modern witch hunts. Deadly Words will explore the patterns and dangers of persecutory rhetoric through scholarly exposition, evocative narrative, and accessible breakdowns of critical terms and concepts. This volume functions as a guide for identifying and deconstructing violent rhetorics of exclusion, offering readers tools for thinking critically about such rhetoric as it appears in our contemporary moment, in part by demystifying the relationships between stories and legends people told one another in the past, and narratives we often hear reflected in representations of outgroups in the present.
Her work has been funded by the American Council of Learned Societies, Hewlett Foundation, Beinecke Foundation, and others. She co-edited a special issue of the journal postmedieval with colleague Nina Caputo on “The Holocaust and the Middle Ages.”
Research and Publications
Selected publications are listed below:
“‘The Childe of Bristowe,’ ‘The Prioress’s Tale,’ and the Possibility of Neighbor Love,” forthcoming in special issue, “Neighbors and Neighboring,” Exemplaria 2020.
“Jews as Others and Neighbors: Encountering the Prioress’s Tale in the Classroom,” with Heather Blurton, in Jews in Medieval England: Teaching Representations of the ‘Other’, eds. Miriamne Krummel and Tison Pugh (New York: Palgrave, 2017): 87-100.
Review of David Nirenberg, Neighboring Faiths: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam in the Middle Ages and Today, in Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations 11:1 (2017): 1-3.
“Stories People Tell: On the Blood Libel.” Special issue of Law & Literature 28:1 (2016): 11-26.
“Reading the Prioress's Tale in the Fifteenth Century: Lydgate, Hoccleve, and Marian Devotion," with Heather Blurton, The Chaucer Review 50:1-2 (2015): 136-59.
“The Purposes of Historicism: Antisemitism and Art in Chaucer’s Prioress’s Tale.” Middle English Literature: Criticism and Debate, Routledge. Eds. D. Vance Smith And Holly Crocker. Routledge, 2014.
“Virtual Jews and Figural Criticism: Some Recent Scholarship on the Idea of the Jew in Western Culture,” with Heather Blurton, Special issue of Philological Quarterly. 92:1 (2013): 115-30.
Magical Nature Before the Modern World
Words and Images
The Medieval Imagination
Senior Seminar: Telling the Truth in the Middle Ages
Junior Seminar: Saints and Their Others in the Medieval and Early Modern Period
History and Representation
Ethics and History in Post-Holocaust Thought
Service and Other Duties
Director, Literature Program (2014-2016)
Co-Director, Literature Program (2016-2017)
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences Undergraduate Council (2012-2015)
Jewish Studies Advisory Committee (ongoing)
Faculty Mentor, First Experiences in Research Program